Sunday, July 1, 2012

The Ancient Civilization of the Philippines

Long before the Muslim, Chinese and Spaniards came to the Philippines, the Filipinos were already civilize and literate.  It was common to them to use gold as ornaments in their clothing and jewelry.  The Philippines is known as the island of gold.



"...a document was found in 1989 that was written in a much older and more complex writing system than the baybayin.  On that day in 1989, a man in the concrete business was dredging sand at the mouth of the Lumbang River near Laguna de Ba’y when he uncovered a blackened roll of metal. Usually he would just throw away such junk, as it tended to get jammed in his equipment, but when he unfurled the roll he saw that it was a sheet of copper with strange writing on it, about the size of a magazine.  He offered the copper sheet to one of the antiques dealers in the area who bought it for next to nothing. The dealer, in turn, tried to sell it for a profit but when he found no buyers, he eventually sold it to the Philippine National Museum for just 2000 pesos.  In 1990, Antoon Postma, a Dutch expert in ancient Philippine scripts and Mangyan writing, and a long-time resident of the Philippines, translated the document that came to be known as the Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI). When he saw that the writing looked similar to the ancient Indonesian script called Kavi, and that the document bore a date from the ancient Sanskrit calendar, he enlisted the help of fellow Dutchman, Dr. Johann de Casparis, whose area of expertise was ancient Indonesia.  Casparis confirmed that the script and the words used in the Laguna document were exactly the same as those that were used on the island Java at the time stated in the document, which was the year 822, in the old Hindu calendar or the year 900 C.E. (Common Era) on our calendar.  In 1996, a Filipino history buff in California, Hector Santos, precisely converted the Sanskrit date over to our calendar by using astronomical software and some historical detective work. He determined that the Sanskrit date written on the plate was exactly Monday, April 21, 900 C.E.  In spite of the similarities to Javanese documents, the copper plate had some peculiarities that led scholars to believe that it was not from the island of Java. First: the LCI did not mention the king of Java at that time, King Balitung. It was the custom at that time to always mention the name of the king in official documents. Second: the language used in the document was not only Sanskrit. It was a mixture of Sanskrit, Old Javanese, Old Malay and Old Tagalog. And third: the method of writing was different. At that time in Java the characters were impressed into heated copper, but the characters on the Laguna plate seemed to have been hammered into cold copper.  In his examination, Postma learned that the inscription was a pardon from the Chief of Tondo that erased the debt of a man named Namwaran. His debt was one kati and eight suwarna, or about 926.4 grams of gold. Today in 2006, this is equal to about $18,600 Canadian.  The document mentioned a few towns that still exist today: Tundun, which is now Tondo in Metro Manila and three towns in Bulakan; Pailah or Paila, Puliran or Pulilan, and Binwangan. A town in Agusan del Norte on Mindanao called Dewata or Diwata also appears in the text. Diwata is near Butuan, which has been a rich source of ancient artefacts. A place called Medang was mentioned, too, which is possibly Medan in Sumatra, Indonesia. Also, the name of Namwaran’s son was given as Bukah, a name that may have some relation to the town of Gatbuka in Bulakan. Gat is a title similar to “Sir” for a knight.  So, because of the places mentioned in the text and because of the plate’s differences to typical Indonesian documents, it was Postma’s opinion that it was an inhabitant of the ancient Philippines who made the LCI and that it was most likely not the work of a hoaxer.  As is often the case, though, this discovery has raised more questions than answers.  It is only one document but it seems to have revealed a widespread culture with Hindu influences in the Philippines before the arrival of the Spaniards and even before the Muslims. Did ordinary Filipinos share this culture or were the people mentioned in the document just members of a small ruling class of foreigners? Was their culture pushed out of the islands when the Muslims arrived in the 12th or 13th century?  Did Filipinos once speak Sanskrit or was it reserved for important documents written by an elite minority? There are certainly some Sanskrit influences in Philippine languages but nobody was speaking it by the time the Spaniards arrived.  And what happened to this Kavi style of writing? It was a far more advanced and accurate way to write than the baybayin script that Filipinos were using 500 years later. Perhaps only that elite minority used it and so it disappeared with them.  Whatever the answers, it hints at some exciting discoveries to come in the future."

Is Philippines ancient name is ophir?

When the Spanish came they discovered an abundance of gold used among the people of the Philippine islands. Here are some relevant quotes: 

Pieces of gold, the size of walnuts and eggs are found by sifting the earth in the island of that king who came to our ships. All the dishes of that king are of gold and also some portion of his house as we were told by that king himself...He had a covering of silk on his head, and wore two large golden earrings fastened in his ears...At his side hung a dagger, the haft of which was somewhat long and all of gold, and its scabbard of carved wood. He had three spots of gold on every tooth, and his teeth appeared as if bound with gold. --- Pigafetta on Raja Siaui of Butuan during Magellan's voyage 

For brass, iron and other weighty articles, they gave us gold in exchange...For 14 pounds of iron we received 10 pieces of gold, of the value of a ducat and a half. The Captain General forbade too great an anxiety for receiving gold, without which order every sailor would have parted with all he had to obtain this metal, which would have ruined our commerce forever.  --- Pigafetta on gold trade in Cebu 

Sailing in this manner, for some time, in 16° of north latitude, they were obliged by continual contrary winds, to bear up again for the Philippine islands, and in their way back, had sight of six or seven additional islands, but did not anchor at any of them. They found also an archipelago, or numerous cluster of islands, in 15 or 16 degrees of north latitude, well inhabited by a white people, with beautiful well-proportioned women, and much better clothed than in any other of the islands of these parts; and they had many golden ornaments, which was a sure sign that there was some of that metal in their country.  --- Antonio Galv√£o in 1555 describing the journey of Bartholomew de la Torre in 1548 

"...the ore is so rich that I will not write any more about it, as I might possibly come under a suspicion of exaggerating; but I swear by Christ that there is more gold on this island than there is iron in all Biscay."  --- Hernando Riquel et al., 1574 

In this island, there are many gold mines, some of which have been inspected by the Spaniards, who say that the natives work them as is done in Nueva Espana with the mines of silver; and, as in these mines, the vein of ore here is continuous. Assays have been made, yielding so great wealth that I shall not endeavor to describe them, lest I be suspected of lying. Time will prove the truth.  --- Hernando Riquel et al. on island of Luzon, 1574 

There are some chiefs in this island who have on their persons ten or twelve thousand ducats' worth of gold in jewels--to say nothing of the lands, slaves, and mines that they own. There are so many of these chiefs that they are innumerable. Likewise the individual subjects of these chiefs have a great quantity of the said jewels of gold, which they wear on their persons--bracelets, chains, and earrings of solid gold, daggers of gold, and other very rich trinkets. These are generally seen among them, and not only the chiefs and freemen have plenty of these jewels, but even slaves possess and wear golden trinkets upon their persons, openly and freely. --- Guido de Lavezaris at al., 1574 

About their necks they wear gold necklaces, wrought like spun wax, and with links in our fashion, some larger than others. On their arms they wear armlets of wrought gold, which they call calombigas, and which are very large and made in different patterns. Some wear strings of precious stones--cornelians and agates; and other blue and white stones, which they esteem highly. They wear around the legs some strings of these stones, and certain cords, covered with black pitch in many foldings, as garters. -- Antonio de Morga, 1609 

"... the natives proceed more slowly in this ,and content themselves with what they already possess in jewels and gold ingots handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. This is considerable, for he must be poor and wrethced who has no gold chains, calombigas, and earrings." -- Antonio de Morga, 1609 

The Tagalog Script

In 1571, the Spaniards found the people in Manila and other places writing on bamboo and specially prepared palm leaves using knives and styli. They were using the ancient Tagalog script which had 17 basic symbols, three of which were the vowels a, i, and u. Each basic consonantal symbol had the inherent a sound: ka, ga, nga, ta, da, na, pa, ba, ma, ya, la, wa, sa, and ha.

Experts estimate that the archaelogical gold and jewelries unearthed at Sitio Magruyon, Surigao del Norte were made between the 10th and 13th centuries or 300 years before Magellan reached the Philippines.  
One of the objects in the gold collection is called Kinari, a goddess in Hindu religion, which was uniquely designed because of its three-dimensional features.  Another is the pure gold sash called the sacred thread which was was known only in royal ceremonies in ancient India.  There are three different layers of gold with different designs intricately woven to each other which was made 1,000 years ago by advanced civilization in the ancient Philippines. 

The discovery of golden tara and of very old cave artifacts called Maitum Anthropomorphic Potteries. Ancient burial jars were discovered by archaeologists, artifacts found thereat prove settlements of pre-historic civilization in Maitum, Sarangani Province.

Monday, January 16, 2012

Amazing Facts About Israel

“If you go to the Middle East looking for oil, you don’t need to stop in Israel. But if you go looking for brains, for energy, for integrity, it’s the only place you need to stop when you go to the Middle East”.
Warren Buffet, Chairman, Berkshire Hathaway

"What sets Israel apart for us is the spirit of the people and the commitment to innovation."
Steve Bolze, President and CEO GE Healthcare

"Israel is a major player in the high tech world. People in high tech are very aware that Israel - compared to its small size - has some amazing technological achievements. There is a greater concentration of talented high tech manpower here in comparison to other countries - almost to the extent of Silicon Valley."
Bill Gates, Founder of Microsoft.

"This is a cutting edge community. If you look around the world, many of the countries that you visit are a few steps behind the cutting edge. If you come to Israel you feel you are right there."
Richard Lampman, Senior Vice President of Research in Hewlett Packard

"Israel is an incredible source of entrepreneurship and brilliant ideas."
Safra Catz, President of Oracle

"Israel is a hotbed of new raw technology and scientific developments."
Matthew I. Growney, Managing Director, Motorola Ventures

"Israel is a small country with a tiny population, yet it has many significant high-tech success stories"
Sven Lingjaerarde, Co-founder and general partner, Vision Capital

Characterized by groundbreaking entrepreneurship, Israel yields pioneering technologies, profitable business opportunities and high investment returns.

This is why have so many major multi-nationals - Microsoft, Berkshire-Hathaway, Motorola, Intel, HP, Siemens, GE, IBM, Philips, Lucent, AOL, Cisco, Applied Materials, IBM, J&J and more - chose to invest in Israel.

Voicemail, the Internet Fire Wall, instant messaging, VoIP telephony (internet phone calling), modern cellular billing and video endoscopy capsules were all conceived and developed in Israel.

If Israel, with her dynamic workforce from over 100 nations, did not exist, the world would be less advanced than it is today.

Here is a capsule of Israeli accomplishments you may not be fully aware of. Israel, the 100th smallest country, with less than 1/1000th of the world’s population, can lay claim to the following:

Israel is ranked:
 1st for total expenditure on R&D *
 1st for business expenditure on R&D *
 1st for availability of qualified scientists and engineers *
 2nd for venture capital availability *
 2nd for information technology skills *
 3rd for Quality of Scientific Research Organizations **
 3rd for Registered Patents Per Capita **
 3rd for flexibility and availability of the workforce *
 4th for higher education achievements *
 6th for overall innovation **
* IMD Global Competitiveness Yearbook 2007-2008
** WEF Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009

 The cell phone was developed in Israel by Israelis working in the Israeli branch of Motorola, which has its largest development center in Israel.
 Most of the Windows NT and XP operating systems were developed by Microsoft-Israel.
 The Intel Pentium chip technology was designed in Israel.
 Both the Pentium-4 microprocessor and the Centrino processor were entirely designed, developed, and produced in Israel. In January 2005, an upgraded version of its Centrino chipset was, like its predecessor, conceived in Intel’s development center in Haifa. The product features new graphics and audio capabilities, faster processing, and greater security features. Intel’s next major endeavor, a chipset to support the more advanced WiMax standard for wireless Internet, is also being spearheaded in Israel.
 The Pentium microprocessor in your computer was most likely made in Israel.
 Internet voice-mail technology was developed in Israel.
 Both Microsoft and Cisco built their only R&D facilities outside the U.S. in Israel.
 Four young Israelis developed the technology for the AOL Instant Messenger ICQ in 1996.
 Checkpoint, the world's leader in online security and inventor of Firewall, is an Israeli company.

 Nobel prizes have been awarded to 167 Jews and persons of half-Jewish ancestry, accounting for 22% of all individual recipients worldwide between 1901 and 2004 and constituting 37% of all U.S. recipients during the same period. In the scientific research fields of chemistry, economics, medicine, and physics, the corresponding world and U.S. percentages are 26% and 39%, respectively. Jews currently make up approximately 0.25% of the world’s population and 2% of the U.S. population. Yet they have won prizes in these fields:
 CHEMISTRY: (28 prize winners, 19% of world total, 28% of U.S. total)
 ECONOMICS: (21 prize winners, 38% of world total, 53% of U.S. total)
 LITERATURE: (12 prize winners, 12% of world total, 27% of U.S. total)
 PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE: (52 prize winners, 29% of world total, 42% of U.S. total)
 PEACE: (9 prize winners, 10% of world total, 11% of U.S. total)
 PHYSICS: (45 prize winners, 26% of world total, 38% of U.S. total)

 In 1955, Jewish doctor Jonas Salk gave the world the polio vaccine, which was composed of “killed” polio virus that retained the ability to immunize without running the risk of infecting the patient.
 Jewish entertainers, musicians, artists, comedians, singers, and film producers have blessed the world in a percentage far greater than their proportion in the world’s population.
 Israel has the fourth largest air force in the world (after the U.S., Russia, and China). In addition to a large variety of other aircraft, Israel’s air force has an arsenal of over 250 F-16s. This is the largest fleet of F-16 aircraft outside of the U.S.
 Israel’s US $100 billion economy is larger than all of its immediate neighbors combined.
 Israel has the world’s highest percentage of home computers per capita.
 According to industry officials, Israel has designed the airline industry’s most impenetrable flight security. U.S. officials now look to Israel for advice on how to handle airborne security threats.
 Israel has developed an in-flight cell-phone system that will allow cell-phone use on airlines at an affordable price.
 Israel has the highest ratio of university degrees to the population in the world; 24% of Israeli workers hold university degrees, ranking third in the industrialized world, after the U.S. and Holland, and 12% hold advanced degrees.
 Israel produces more scientific papers per capita than any other nation by a large margin—109 per 10,000 people—and have one of the highest per capita rates of patents filed.
 In proportion to its population, Israel has the largest number of start-up companies in the world. In absolute terms, Israel has the largest number of start-up companies compared to any other country in the world, except the U.S. (3,500 companies, mostly in high-tech). And with both high-tech companies and start-ups, Israel has the highest concentration of high-tech companies in the world—apart from the Silicon Valley in the U.S.
 The first PC antivirus software was developed in Israel in 1979, and Israel continues as the world leader in developing antivirus software programs.
 Israel is ranked number two in the world for venture capital funds, right behind the U.S.
 Outside the U.S. and Canada, Israel has the largest number of NASDAQ-listed companies.
 Israel has the highest average living standards in the Middle East.
 The per capita income in 2000 was over US $17,500, exceeding that of the United Kingdom.
 On a per capita basis, Israel has the largest number of biotech start-ups.
 Israel is the only liberal democracy in the Middle East.
 In 1984 and 1991, Israel airlifted a total of 22,000 Ethiopian Jews, at risk in Ethiopia, to safety in Israel.
 When Golda Meir was elected prime minister of Israel in 1969, she became the world’s second elected female leader in modern times.
 Israel has the third highest rate of entrepreneurship—and the highest rate among women and among people over 55—in the world.
 Israel has the highest density of startup companies in the world some 3,850, according to the Israel Venture Capital Research Centre
 Relative to its population, Israel is the largest immigrant-absorbing nation on earth. Immigrants come in search of democracy, religious freedom, and economic opportunity.
 Israel was the first nation in the world to adopt the Kimberly process, an international standard that certifies diamonds as “conflict-free.”
 Israel has the world’s second-highest per capita of new books.
 Israel is the only country in the world that entered the 21st century with a net gain in its number of trees, a remarkable feat because this was achieved in an area considered mainly desert.
 Israel has more museums per capita than any other country.
 In 1991, during the Persian Gulf War, the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra played a concert wearing gas masks as Scud missiles fired by Saddam Hussein fell on Tel Aviv.
 Israeli scientists developed the first fully computerized, no-radiation diagnostic instrumentation for breast cancer.
 Israel has two official languages, Hebrew and Arabic, with both English and Russian spoken widely.
 An Israeli company developed a computerized system for ensuring proper administration of medications, thus removing human error from medical treatment. Every year in U.S. hospitals, 7,000 patients die from treatment mistakes.
 Israel’s Given Imaging developed the first ingestible video camera, so small it fits inside a pill. It is used to view the small intestine from the inside to detect cancer and digestive disorders.
 Israeli start-up, Veterix, has developed an innovative new electronic capsule that sits in the stomach of a cow, sheep, or goat, sending out real-time information on the health of the herd, to the farmer via Email or cell phone. The e-capsule, which also sends out alerts if animals are distressed, injured, or lost, is now being tested on a herd of cows, in the hopes that the device will lead to tastier and healthier meat and milk supplies.
 Researchers in Israel developed a new device that directly helps the heart pump blood, an innovation with the potential to save lives among those with heart failure. The new device is synchronized with a camera and helps doctors diagnose the heart’s mechanical operations through a sophisticated system of sensors.
 Israel leads the world in the number of scientists and technicians in the workforce with 145 per 10,000, as opposed to 85 in the U.S., over 70 in Japan, and less than 60 in Germany. With over 25% of its workforce employed in technical professions, Israel places first in this category as well.
 A new acne treatment developed in Israel, the ClearLight device, produces a high-intensity, ultraviolet-light-free, narrow-band blue light that causes acne bacteria to self-destruct—all without damaging surrounding skin or tissue.
 An Israeli company was the first to develop and install a large-scale, solar-powered, and fully functional electricity-generating plant in southern California’s Mojave Desert.
 Israel is a not only a world leader in high tech, bio-technology, life sciences and computers but also in green technology involving agriculture, water treatment and solar power.
 In response to serious water shortages, Israeli engineers and agriculturalists developed a revolutionary drip-irrigation system to minimize the amount of water used to grow crops.
 Netafim changed the world of agriculture by developing drip-irrigation technology. Israeli companies continue to lead the world in this field.
 Date palms have been growing in the Middle East for centuries. The average tree is about 18 to 20 feet tall (about 5.5 to 6.1 meters) and yields about 38 pounds (about 17.2 kilograms) of dates a year. Israeli trees are now yielding 400 pounds (181.4 kilograms) per tree each year and are short enough to be harvested from the ground or a short ladder.
 Through Israel’s problems associated with water scarcity, they have helped several African farming communities with drip irrigation schemes as well as establishing 1,000 water projects in 500 Romanian villages.
 Israel recycles 75% of its wastewater – a world record.
 It will soon be possible to order rain in Israel. A group of Israeli, Belgian and American researchers from Ben Gurion University in the Negev hope to transform this myth into a reality. ”The Geshem Project” (‘geshem’ means rain in Hebrew) could significantly reduce world hunger. A virtual simulation is planned for the near future in the Negev: For 80 million Euros, the system put in place over a surface of 9 kilometers squared could bring rain to a region measuring 40 to 100 km2.
 Israel airlifted over 14,000 threatened individuals to their country in the space of 36 hours who would have otherwise faced widespread persecution.
 Israel was one of the first countries to respond after the Pakistani earthquake in 2005 even though they have still not recognized Israel as a legitimate state.
 An award-winning scientist at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev developed a biological control for mosquitoes and black flies that cause malaria and river blindness, saving the sight and lives of millions of people in Africa and China.
 Microsoft has one of its three "strategic development centers" outside the US in Israel. It is based on several startup companies that Microsoft has acquired in Israel, which are now part of this development center.
 The Israeli company M-Systems developed the USB-Flash Drives, used for portable storage all over the world. The company was recently bought by SanDisk, an American company, the world's leader in the flash storage market, established by an Israeli guy.
 IBM, Kodak, Cisco, HP, Google, Novell and many more, also have large scale research and development centers in Israel.

1. Israel – Defying the Odds
2. Israel - From Innovation to Freedom
3. Start-up Nation, the story of Israel’s Economic Miracle
4. Environmental technologies developed by Israel
5. Novel Efficient Water Technologies
6. Truly Amazing Advanced Solar Cell from Israel
7. Israel Boasts Agricultural Innovations
8. Eliminating Rural Poverty
9. eFuture of Israel
10. Israel - Your NEXT best investment
11. Before you boycott Israel
12. I am Israel

1. Unmatched Israeli Innovation Praised in New Book
2. Israel’s impact on the world
3. Israel and the Arab World - Their Contribution to Mankind
4. Science and Technology in Israel
5. Israel – A World Leader in Agricultural Technology
6. Israel plows new ground in exotic crops
7. Innovations in Medical Technology
8. How Israel's NewTECH Is Watering The Economy
9. Israel ranked 17th-most competitive economy
10. Despite Rejection and Isolation, Israel Keeps Giving

PDF Documents:
1. Israeli’s Economy at a Glance
2. Israel Life Science Industry- The Wealth of Innovation
3. Israel’s Agriculture- Innovations Make the Land Boom

1. Start-Up Nation – The story of Israel’s Economic Miracle
2. Israel in the World: Changing Lives through Innovation
3. The Golden Age of Jewish Achievement

Rockets into Roses Project Videos:
1. New York Times - Rockets Into Roses
2. Rockets into Roses Slideshow
3. Watch Israeli Artist Turns Kassam Rockets into Roses
4. CBN News – Rockets into Roses
5. TV Interview – Rockets into Roses
6. Kassam Rocket Attacks in Israel Playlist
7. Operation Lifeshield Playlist

NOTE:   A world-renowned Jewish genius send me the above information.  You can download the above "Amazing Facts about Israel" in pdf format which includes the links of videos, articles, documents, and books here:

Tubig-Powered Machine

Many Filipinos are famous inventors.  However, some of our inventions were not supported by government that's why either the invention progressively vanish into oblivion until rediscovered by other inventors or the invention was sold to foreign countries.

You can download the Filipino Inventors Bible here:

We have already heard of Daniel Dingel's invention of water-powered car but today there is a famous invention of another Filipino called as "Tubig-powered Machine."

"Frequent brownout or power outage of electricity prompted Filipino inventor Steve Rejuso to launch his Tubig-Powered Machine that can light a flashlight, a lamp post, charge batteries and battery pack of cellular phones or even power a transistor radio. This can be possible by just spraying any kind of liquid (dirty or clean) or water on the assembly of metal plates than can power a village for two weeks!!!"

Two Major Search Engines for Hackers

There are many search engines on the Net which are very useful to a specific purpose.  We all know about google, yahoo and altavista.  But do you know any search engine which was designed specifically for your search in hacking?  When I said hacking, I'm not referring to illegal use of the computer and the Internet.  I'm referring to ethical hacking or harmless hacking.

Let me introduce you to the two major search engines for hackers:


Goohack was created by Max from to make life easier for finding DIYs, hacks, howtos, gadgets, and anything technololgy related.

Goohack brings you only the best of hacks and howtos on the web, powered by Google's Custom Search Engine. *Note: We are not affiliated with Google in anyway, we are simply using their Google Custom Search Engine, you can too if you want to.

Why do I need to use this site?

You will save a lot of time by only searching through our hand-selected blogs and sites.

What sites are included in the search?

Currently we are searching the following sites: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |